Meet Spot, the robot dog that can run, hop and open doors | Marc Raibert


(Laughter) (Laughter) That’s SpotMini. He’ll be back in a little while. I — (Applause) I love building robots. And my long-term goal is to build robots that can do what people and animals do. And there’s three things in particular that we’re interested in. One is balance and dynamic mobility, the second one is mobile manipulation, and the third one is mobile perception. So, dynamic mobility and balance — I’m going to do a demo for you. I’m standing here, balancing. I can see you’re not very impressed.
OK, how about now? (Laughter) How about now? (Applause) Those simple capabilities mean that people
can go almost anywhere on earth, on any kind of terrain. We want to capture that for robots. What about manipulation? I’m holding this clicker in my hand; I’m not even looking at it, and I can manipulate it
without any problem. But even more important, I can move my body while I hold
the manipulator, the clicker, and stabilize and coordinate my body, and I can even walk around. And that means
I can move around in the world and expand the range
of my arms and my hands and really be able to handle
almost anything. So that’s mobile manipulation. And all of you can do this. Third is perception. I’m looking at a room
with over 1,000 people in it, and my amazing visual system
can see every one of you — you’re all stable in space, even when I move my head, even when I move around. That kind of mobile perception
is really important for robots that are going to move and act out in the world. I’m going to give you
a little status report on where we are in developing robots
toward these ends. The first three robots are all
dynamically stabilized robots. This one goes back
a little over 10 years ago — “BigDog.” It’s got a gyroscope
that helps stabilize it. It’s got sensors and a control computer. Here’s a Cheetah robot
that’s running with a galloping gait, where it recycles its energy, it bounces on the ground, and it’s computing all the time in order to keep itself
stabilized and propelled. And here’s a bigger robot that’s got such good
locomotion using its legs, that it can go in deep snow. This is about 10 inches deep, and it doesn’t really have any trouble. This is Spot, a new generation of robot — just slightly older than the one
that came out onstage. And we’ve been asking the question — you’ve all heard about drone delivery: Can we deliver packages
to your houses with drones? Well, what about plain old
legged-robot delivery? (Laughter) So we’ve been taking our robot
to our employees’ homes to see whether we could get in — (Laughter) the various access ways. And believe me, in the Boston area, there’s every manner
of stairway twists and turns. So it’s a real challenge. But we’re doing very well,
about 70 percent of the way. And here’s mobile manipulation, where we’ve put an arm on the robot, and it’s finding its way through the door. Now, one of the important things
about making autonomous robots is to make them not do
just exactly what you say, but make them deal with the uncertainty
of what happens in the real world. So we have Steve there,
one of the engineers, giving the robot a hard time. (Laughter) And the fact that the programming
still tolerates all that disturbance — it does what it’s supposed to. Here’s another example,
where Eric is tugging on the robot as it goes up the stairs. And believe me, getting it to do what it’s supposed to do
in those circumstances is a real challenge, but the result is something
that’s going to generalize and make robots much more autonomous
than they would be otherwise. This is Atlas, a humanoid robot. It’s a third-generation humanoid
that we’ve been building. I’ll tell you a little bit
about the hardware design later. And we’ve been saying: How close to human levels
of performance and speed could we get in an ordinary task, like moving boxes around on a conveyor? We’re getting up to about two-thirds
of the speed that a human operates on average. And this robot is using both hands,
it’s using its body, it’s stepping, so it’s really an example
of dynamic stability, mobile manipulation and mobile perception. Here — (Laughter) We actually have two Atlases. (Laughter) Now, everything doesn’t go exactly
the way it’s supposed to. (Laughter) (Laughter) (Laughter) And here’s our latest robot,
called “Handle.” Handle is interesting,
because it’s sort of half like an animal, and it’s half something else with these leg-like things and wheels. It’s got its arms on
in kind of a funny way, but it really does some remarkable things. It can carry 100 pounds. It’s probably going to lift
more than that, but so far we’ve done 100. It’s got some pretty good
rough-terrain capability, even though it has wheels. And Handle loves to put on a show. (Laughter) (Applause) I’m going to give you
a little bit of robot religion. A lot of people think that a robot
is a machine where there’s a computer that’s telling it what to do, and the computer is listening
through its sensors. But that’s really only half of the story. The real story is
that the computer is on one side, making suggestions to the robot, and on the other side
are the physics of the world. And that physics involves gravity,
friction, bouncing into things. In order to have a successful robot, my religion is that you have to do
a holistic design, where you’re designing the software,
the hardware and the behavior all at one time, and all these parts really intermesh
and cooperate with each other. And when you get the perfect design,
you get a real harmony between all those parts
interacting with each other. So it’s half software and half hardware, plus the behavior. We’ve done some work lately
on the hardware, where we tried to go — the picture on the left
is a conventional design, where you have parts
that are all bolted together, conductors, tubes, connectors. And on the right
is a more integrated thing; it’s supposed to look like
an anatomy drawing. Using the miracle of 3-D printing, we’re starting to build parts of robots that look a lot more
like the anatomy of an animal. So that’s an upper-leg part
that has hydraulic pathways — actuators, filters — all embedded, all printed as one piece, and the whole structure is developed with a knowledge of what the loads
and behavior are going to be, which is available from data
recorded from robots and simulations and things like that. So it’s a data-driven hardware design. And using processes like that, not only the upper leg
but some other things, we’ve gotten our robots to go from big,
behemoth, bulky, slow, bad robots — that one on the right,
weighing almost 400 pounds — down to the one in the middle
which was just in the video, weighs about 190 pounds, just a little bit more than me, and we have a new one, which is working but I’m not
going to show it to you yet, on the left, which weighs just 165 pounds, with all the same
strength and capabilities. So these things are really getting
better very quickly. So it’s time for Spot to come back out, and we’re going to demonstrate
a little bit of mobility, dexterity and perception. This is Seth Davis,
who’s my robot wrangler today, and he’s giving Spot
some general direction by steering it around, but all the coordination
of the legs and the sensors is done by the robot’s computers on board. The robot can walk
with a number of different gaits; it’s got a gyro, or a solid-state gyro, an IMU on board. Obviously, it’s got a battery,
and things like that. One of the cool things
about a legged robot is, it’s omnidirectional. In addition to going forward,
it can go sideways, it can turn in place. And this robot
is a little bit of a show-off. It loves to use its dynamic gaits, like running — (Laughter) And it’s got one more. (Laughter) Now if it were really a show-off,
it would be hopping on one foot, but, you know. Now, Spot has a set of cameras
here, stereo cameras, and we have a feed up in the center. It’s kind of dark out in the audience, but it’s going to use those cameras
in order to look at the terrain right in front of it, while it goes over
these obstacles back here. For this demo, Seth is steering, but the robot’s doing
all its own terrain planning. This is a terrain map, where the data from the cameras
is being developed in real time, showing the red spots,
which are where it doesn’t want to step, and the green spots are the good places. And here it’s treating
them like stepping-stones. So it’s trying to stay up on the blocks, and it adjusts its stride, and there’s a ton of planning that has to go into
an operation like that, and it does all
that planning in real time, where it adjusts the steps
a little bit longer or a little bit shorter. Now we’re going to change it
into a different mode, where it’s just going to treat
the blocks like terrain and decide whether to step up or down as it goes. So this is using dynamic balance and mobile perception, because it has to coordinate what it sees
along with how it’s moving. The other thing Spot has is a robot arm. Some of you may see that
as a head and a neck, but believe me, it’s an arm. Seth is driving it around. He’s actually driving the hand
and the body is following. So the two are coordinated
in the way I was talking about before — in the way people can do that. In fact, one of the cool things
Spot can do we call, “chicken-head mode,” and it keeps its head
in one place in space, and it moves its body all around. There’s a variation of this
that’s called “twerking” — (Laughter) but we’re not going to use that today. (Laughter) So, Spot: I’m feeling a little thirsty.
Could you get me a soda? For this demo,
Seth is not doing any driving. We have a LIDAR on the back of the robot, and it’s using these props
we’ve put on the stage to localize itself. It’s gone over to that location. Now it’s using a camera that’s in its hand to find the cup, picks it up — and again, Seth’s not driving. We’ve planned out a path for it to go — it looked like it was
going off the path — and now Seth’s going
to take over control again, because I’m a little bit chicken
about having it do this by itself. Thank you, Spot. (Applause) So, Spot: How do you feel about having just finished
your TED performance? (Laughter) Me, too! (Laughter) Thank you all, and thanks to the team at Boston Dynamics, who did all the hard work behind this. (Applause) Helen Walters: Marc,
come back in the middle. Thank you so much. Come over here, I have questions. So, you mentioned the UPS
and the package delivery. What are the other applications
that you see for your robots? Marc Raibert: You know,
I think that robots that have the capabilities
I’ve been talking about are going to be incredibly useful. About a year ago, I went to Fukushima to see what the situation was there, and there’s just a huge need for machines that can go
into some of the dirty places and help remediate that. I think it won’t be too long until
we have robots like this in our homes, and one of the big needs
is to take care of the aging and invalids. I think that it won’t be too long
till we’re using robots to help take care of our parents, or probably more likely,
have our children help take care of us. And there’s a bunch of other things. I think the sky’s the limit. Many of the ideas
we haven’t thought of yet, and people like you will help us
think of new applications. HW: So what about the dark side? What about the military? Are they interested? MR: Sure, the military has been
a big funder of robotics. I don’t think the military
is the dark side myself, but I think, as with all
advanced technology, it can be used for all kinds of things. HW: Awesome. Thank you so much. MR: OK, you’re welcome. Thank you. (Applause)

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100 thoughts on “Meet Spot, the robot dog that can run, hop and open doors | Marc Raibert

  1. "Sure, the military has been the big funder of robotics. I don't think the military is the dark side myself.." – Sure, you don't buddy. Sure you don't.

  2. Hmm they have cameras and sensors and they will be connected to the source i mean like the facebook or insta or whatsapp they will know anything about anyone and see you f**cking your wife it will be no more privacy, it is not okay but hey you will be sure that she or him can't cheat anymore, this is only the beggining i don't agree this no privacy thing but who am i to stop this… i think even on the top of the mountains or in a bunker they see you with 5G and other tehnologies i don't know if this is okay but we are already in the Cyberworld
    I mean even humans will have microchips in their brains wtf man where will be the meaning of life i hope that in the wars they will not use humans anymore they can fight with robots like in a game and no one dies i try to see the good in this but idk if it is something good… 🤣🤣👽🤖🧟‍♂️📲👁🔇
    😔🔫⚰⛓⚖⛓
    I hope you understand the message from emoji's 🙄

  3. Why can’t they put a version on a chair and make a disabled person walk…….I been seeing these things climb for a while now…

  4. I think the host needs to re-evaluate her opinion of the military. Without the military she will truly meet the dark side of humanity.

  5. caint wait till make ball robots that stare wars as. Boston bb -8 . like soccer player watch play soccer agents each other.

  6. Ilon Musk buys Boston Dynamics in 2021 to operate on Mars and prepare it for humans and serve them.

  7. DON'T YOU CAN SEE HIS FUCKING PSYCHOPATHIC EYES ????? BOSTON DYNAMICS IS THE FCG. ARMY !!!! WAKE UP PEOPLE !!!!!

  8. Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super! Super!

  9. Let some one kill this FOOL. AI is so freaking dangerous and ONLY made for WAR… WHEN do we have ENOUGH. And people laugh, oooooh, so pretty, it behave like a polite dog. But what they NOT know is they are looking on a not-far-from-a-future-killer. I would kill ALL there did touch AI if I could.

  10. через 50-100 лет человек даже не понимает что будет я 20 лет назад музыку слушал на магнитных лентах и фотографировался через пленку (((

  11. Yes being interested in improving buildings robots these people have Tunnel Vision .ok if they are there to help us good but when robots are used against us robot police enforcement run faster than we can 100 times stronger how do you stop a robot with an armored body & wants to do harm to you.

    People wake up . The elite put information in films they have to part of rules up to us to use this information be aware.

    ((Terminator / I Robot / Star Trek / Voyager the Borg )) .

    The real threat is AI & robot combined self-aware autonomous self-learning Re-programming software.

    How many people deliver goods just think what happens when a robot does that.

    Robotic receptionist just look at Sofia. Supermarket or shop shelf stackers just think what happens when a robot does that.

    We become surplus to requirement.

    You don't think an employees will replace you with a robot don't have to pay works 24-hours a day non-stop and makes them more money employer will say to you goodbye you've been replaced.

    what you see now is not what is available now totally more advanced than you think .

    Just watch the films highlighted and think.

  12. Если он ищет эти три вещи. То почему не использует нейросети? Или уже использует, кто в курсе?

  13. Another powerful trend is that of the DIY robots. The best part is that it will be compatible with any instrument because of AutoIt:

    https://www.amazon.com/Practical-Laboratory-Automation-Made-AutoIt/dp/3527341587/

    I have made other autosamplers, but not as fancy as the robot shown here. They work very well with the analytical instruments for which they were designed:

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322363581_Osmar_the_open-source_microsyringe_autosampler

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327230541_Auto-HPGe_an_autosampler_for_gamma-ray_spectroscopy_using_high-purity_germanium_HPGe_detectors_and_heavy_shields

  14. PATHETIC… WHAT.. REAL DOGS DONT LIKE YOU??? I DONT BLAME THEM YOU FREAKSHOW. you never thought what uses these monsters wiil be put to. buy a real dog you pathetic loser. robots will be the end of us you moron. no jobs war machines flying around killing everyone ….wtf is wrong with you

  15. They wanna Convincing people to accepting it as a friendly technology an after it takes of the fake face shows the dark side of it just important notes

  16. When does spot get his bolt on automatic weapon. How could we watch all those terminator movies and still let this happen? It has an eerie feeling watching everybody cheering. First they will take your job and then your life…

  17. robots will ruin life.
    robots taking care of humans is absolutely wrong because it eliminates human interaction, once that’s gone, life ends.
    robots don’t have feelings.
    robots don’t have a vagus nerve. “robots can’t”
    robots have their place, BUT humans must retain control and continue to interact.
    OR WHATS THE FUCKN SENSE !!!!!!!
    if we let robots take over, you can just forget about everything.
    there are some tragedies on this planet that we can prevent, and this is at the top of the list.

    are going to take a robot to a restaurant and the movies.
    robot ra don’t eat, and the don’t watch movies.
    robots don’t need to drive cars, so good buy auto manufacturers.
    good but restaurants.

    what if a robot is watching your elderly mother and malfunctions and injures her or even worse like grab her with a vise and torture her.
    yah, that’s a great idea buddy, let’s have robots watch our loved ones.

    robots will end human life.

  18. Chase down the zombies/staving masses outside the cities Sound Barriers/walls without feeling mercy or compassion and stopping them from doing their cruel jobs ..lol

  19. Have these people never seen Terminator or Robocop.
    At first there’s wonder and wow.
    And then later there’s running and screaming.

  20. ANSWER THIS QUESTION:

    WHY THE F__K DO WE NEED ROBOTS ANYWAY? WHY DO WE HAVE THIS ITCH TO HAVE SOULLESS MACHINES ROAMING AMONG US AND TAKING OUR JOBS AWAY? (HINT: START PUTTING TOGETHER YOUR ANSWER USING THE TERM "CORPORATE GREED".)… GO ! ! ! !

  21. I just saw my future chamber-maid – chamber-robot-dog. As soon as Spot is able to do everything I hate about house-work, in short ALL the housework, it will be my robot. To sit down with a book and to tell it to clean up the whole flat and then bring me a cup of tea would just be great. – The only thing that is a bit sad about this: it is just a built slave… – But on the other hand, if given the choice between cleaning the flat and cleaning my robot, that just cleaned it, for the sake of giving a 'reward', I'd pick grooming my robot in ten out of ten times.

  22. The militaries the dark side alright. Owned by, and to serve, kings and corporations by protecting thier interests, and keeping the masses fearful and in check. Any authorities with guns keep people fearful.

  23. We made machines to save lives
    And now people are afraid because of TMI about the media

    And now you're here on your phone watching videos and wasting your life because it feels good.

  24. 13:30 – Now present-day mayor of Paris , Anne Hidalgo , who's actually candidate to next round , admitted once she's spending € 600,000,000/year to clean rubbish in streets , everyone knows it's quite dirty – i shall not mention hoboes, homeless, tramps etc. another level of same story about what's accepted – imagine if you can get rid of broomstick pilots with a Ph.D. of philology from Nouakchott ( i really met one ! ) who , alas , are already O.Q.L.T. ( id est "obligation de quitter le territoire") people…
    …When those educated gents come back home along with robots, in places where the only prophet (!) flew hundred miles overnight on the back of a white mule with a woman's head, some killing'll stop, too…

  25. I want to be able to saddle mine up and ride him while he trots like a Tennessee Walker, so I can hunt boar without having to dismount.

  26. Send robots on aid missions with 3D cameras and doctors on the other side of earth helping via live feed. Now, THAT is a good future. Same level of bad things can also happen. It's up to us to decide!

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